(Afghanistan)

 



XVIII . 8 1919 . 1926-73 . - . 17 1973 . . 27 1978 . - , 30 1987 . - , 28 1992 . 26 1997 . 13 2001 .- , 26 1997 . 13 2001 .  - .
- .
- 34 (, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , -, , , , , ).
- , .
- .
- , ( 250 ; 5- ) (   , , , ).
- 1 = 100 .

:

:

 

-
(AHMAD SHAH "DORR-E-DORRAN")

1724
23.10.1772

07.1747
16.10.1772

 

-
(TIMUR SHAH)                       

1748
18.05.1793

16.10.1772
18.05.1793

 

-
(ZAMAN SHAH)                        

1770/72
1844

23.05.1793
1801

 

-
(MAHMUD SHAH)

 

25.07.1801
07.1803

 

--
(SHOJA al-MOLK SHAH)

1792
05.04.1842

13.07.1803
1809

 

-                                           ( )
(QAYSAR SHAH)

 

03.05.1808
1808

 

-
(MAHMUD SHAH )

 

03.05.1809
1818

 

-
(SOLTAN ALI SHAH)

 

1818
1819

 

-
(AYYUB SHAH)

 

1819
1823

 

-
(HABIBOLLAH SHAH)

 

1823

 

-        ()
(SOLTAN MOHAMMAD KHAN
MOHAMMADZAY)

 

1823
1826

 

-             ()
(DOST MOHAMMAD KHAN MOHAMMADZAY)

1789
1863

1826
1836

 

:

 

-
(DOST MOHAMMAD KHAN)

1789
1863

1836
02.08.1839

 

:

 

--
(SHOJA al-MOLK SHAH)

1792
05.04.1842

08.05.1839
05.04.1842

 

-  ()
(MOHAMMAD ZAMAN KHAN MOHAMMADZAY)

 

1841
04.1842

 

:

 

-
(FATH JANG KHAN)

 

19.04.1842
12.10.1842

 

-
(SHAHPUR KHAN)

 

12.10.1842
12.1842

 

-
(DOST MOHAMMAD KHAN)

1789
1863

12.1842
09.06.1863

 

-
(SHIR ALI KHAN)

1825
20.02.1879

1863
05.1866

 

-
(MOHAMMAD AFZAL KHAN)

1811
07.10.1867

05.1866
07.10.1867

 

-
(MOHAMMAD AZAM KHAN)               

...
1869

07.10.1867
08.09.1868

 

-
(SHIR ALI KHAN)

1825
20.02.1879

08.09.1868
21.02.1879

 

-
(MOHAMMAD YAQUB KHAN)              

1849
1923

21.02.1879
12.10.1879

 

 (-)
(MOHAMMAD JAN)

...
1880

1879
31.03.1880

 

-
(ABDOR RAHMAN KHAN)

1844
03.10.1901

22.07.1880
03.10.1901

 

-
(HABIBULLAH KHAN)

03.06.1872
20.02.1919

03.10.1901
20.02.1919

 

-
(NASRULLAH KHAN)

07.04.1875
31.05.1920

21.02.1919
28.02.1919

 

-
(AMANULLAH KHAN)

01.06.1892
25.04.1960

28.02.1919
09.06.1926

 

:

 

-
(AMANULLAH KHAN)

01.06.1892
25.04.1960

09.06.1926
14.01.1929

 

-
(INAYATULLAH SHAN)

20.10.1888
12.08.1946

14.01.1929
17.01.1929

 

:

 

- ( )
(HABIBULLAH GHAZI)

1890?
01.11.1929

17.01.1929
13.10.1929

 

-
(GHAZI SHAH WALI KHAN)

1885
1977

13.10.1929
15.10.1929

 

-                              ( , )
(AMANULLAH HAH)

01.06.1892
25.04.1960

21.01.1929
23.05.1929

 

-                ( , ) 
(Sirdar Ali AHMAD KHAN)           

18..
1929

28.01.1929
29.03.1929

 

-                 ( , )
(Sirdar Ali AHMAD KHAN)            

18..
1929

1929
15.07.1929?

 

-                     
(Mohammad NADIR KHAN)

10.04.1880
08.11.1933

15.10.1929
17.10.1929

 

:

 

-
(Mohammad NADIR SHAH)  

10.04.1880
08.11.1933

17.10.1929
08.11.1933

 

-
(Mohammad ZAHIR SHAH)

15.10.1914
23.07.2007

08.11.1933
17.07.1973

 

:

 

-
(Sardar Mohammad DAUD KHAH) 

18.07.1909
27.04.1978

17.07.1973
27.04.1978

-/

:

 


(Abdul QADIR)                      

1944

27.04.1978
30.04.1978

:

 


(Nur Mohammad TARAKI)

15.07.1917
16.09.1979

30.04.1978
16.09.1979

-


(Hafizullah AMIN)

01.08.1929
27.12.1979

16.09.1979
27.12.1979

-


(Babrak KARMAL)

06.01.1929
01.12.1996

27.12.1979
24.11.1986

-


(Haji Mohammad CHAMKANI)

 

24.11.1986
30.09.1987

-


(Mohammad NAJIBULLAH)

06.08.1947
27.09.1996

30.09.1987
30.11.1987

-

:

 


(Mohammad NAJIBULLAH)

06.08.1947
27.09.1996

30.11.1987
16.04.1992

- /" "

                              (..)
(Abdul Rahim HATEF)

1925

16.04.1992
28.04.1992

 

                ()
(Sibghatullah MOJADEDI)

1925

28.04.1992
28.06.1992


(Burhanuddin RABBANI)  

1940

28.06.1992
27.09.1996

/   ( )

 :

 


(Mullah Mohammad RABBANI AKHUND)  

1956
16.04.2001

27.09.1996
16.04.2001

""


(Mawlawi Abdul QABIR)

19..
2002

16.04.2001
13.11.2001

""

:

 


(Mullah Mohammad OMAR AKHUND)

1959/62

27.09.1996
13.11.2001

""

:          

 


(Burhanuddin RABBANI)

1940

13.11.2001
22.12.2001

/   ( )

:

 


(Hamid KARZAI)

24.12.1957

22.12.2001
19.06.2002

 

:

 


(Hamid KARZAI)

24.12.1957

19.06.2002

 

  - :


(Nur Mohammad TARAKI)

15.07.1917
16.09.1979

1977
16.09.1979


(Hafizullah AMIN)

01.08.1929
27.12.1979

16.09.1979
27.12.1979


(Babrak KARMAL)

06.01.1929
01.12.1996

27.12.1979
04.05.1986


(Mohammad NAJIBULLAH)

06.08.1947
27.09.1996

04.05.1986
16.04.1992

:

:

 

-
(Sirdar ABD AL-QUDDUZ KHAN)

 

1905
1916

 


(Ali Ahmad GHAN BARAKZAY)

 

1906
1916

 

-
(Sirdar Mohammad SULAYMAN KHAN)

 

1906
1916

 

-
(Sirdar NASRULLAH KHAN)

 

1916
1919

 

-
(Sirdar Abd al-QUDDUZ KHAN)

 

1919
25.10.1927

 

-:

 

--
(Sirdar Shir Ahmad SURA-I-MILLI) 

1885
19..

25.10.1927
01.1929

 


(Shir GIYAN)

...
1929

01.1929
01.11.1929

 

-
(Sardar Mohammad HASHIM KHAN)

1885
26.10.1953

14.11.1929
05.1946

 

-
(Sardar Shah MAHMUD KHAN)

1890
27.12.1959

05.1946
20.09.1953

 

- -
(Sardar Mohammad DAUD KHAH)      

18.07.1909
27.04.1978

20.09.1953
10.03.1963

 

-
(Mohammad YUSUF KHAN)

1917
25.01.1998

10.03.1963
02.11.1965

 


(Mohammad Hashim MAIWANDWAL)

1919
01.10.1973

02.11.1965
11.10.1967

 

                            ()
(Abdullah YAQTA)

 

11.10.1967
01.11.1967

 


(Mohammad Nur Ahmad TIMADI)

22.09.1921
1979

01.11.1967
09.06.1971

 


(Sharifi Abdul ZAHIR)

1910

09.06.1971
12.12.1972

 


(Mohammad Musa SHAFIQ)

1932
1979

12.12.1972
17.07.1973

 


(Nur Mohammad TARAKI)

15.07.1917
16.09.1979

01.05.1978
27.03.1979

-


(Hafizullah AMIN)

01.08.1929
27.12.1979

27.03.1979
27.12.1979

-


(Babrak KARMAL)

06.01.1929
01.12.1996

27.12.1979
11.06.1981

-


(Sultan Ali KESHTMAND)

22.05.1935

11.06.1981
26.05.1988

-


(Mohammad Hassan SHARQ)

17.07.1925

26.05.1988
21.02.1989

-


(Sultan Ali KESHTMAND)

22.05.1935

21.02.1989
08.05.1990

-


(Fazal Haq KHALIQYAR)  

1934

08.05.1990
15.04.1992

- /""


(Abdul Sabur Farid KUHESTANI)

1952
03.05.2007

06.07.1992
15.08.1992


(Gulbuddin HEKMATYAR)

1947

17.06.1993
28.06.1994

                    ()
(Arsala RAHMANI)

 

11.1994
1995

 

           ()
(Ahmad Shah AHMADZAI)

 

1995
26.06.1996

 


(Gulbuddin HEKMATYAR)

1947

26.06.1996
27.09.1996


(Abdul Rahim GHAFOORZAI)

19..
21.08.1997

11.08.1997
21.08.1997

  ( )


(Abdul Ghafoor Rawan FARHADI)

 

08.1997
...

  ( )

:

09.10.2004

 

 

%


(Hamid KARZAI)

 

55,4


(Yonous QANOONI)

16,3


(Haji Mohammad MOHAQIQ)

 

11,6


(Abdul Latif PEDRAM)

1,4


(Massooda JALAL)

 

1,2


(Syed Ishaq GILANI)

 

1,0

 

100


Source: World Statesmen by Ben Cahoon, Rulers, , Zarate's Political Collections.

 © 2003-2010, WMS



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